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Splunk Lantern

JA3/JA3s hash overview

​​Before searching for abnormal activities using JA3 and JA3s hashes, you might want identify all JA3/JA3s hashes in your data. JA3 is an open-source methodology that allows for creating an MD5 hash of specific values found in the SSL/TLS handshake process, and JA3s is a similar methodology for calculating the JA3 hash of a server session. 

Required data

Deep packet inspection data

In this example, Zeek is used to generate JA3 and JA3s data but you can use any other tool which can generate that data. 

Procedure

This search is most effectively run in the following circumstances:

  • with an allow list that limits the number of perceived false positives.
  • against network connectivity that is not encrypted over SSL/TLS. 
  • with internal hosts or netblocks that have limited outbound connectivity as a client. 
  • in networks without SSL/TLS interceptions or inspection. 

 

Run the following search. You can optimize it by specifying an index and adjusting the time range.

sourcetype="bro:ssl:json" ja3="*" ja3s="*" src_ip IN (192.168.70.0/24)
  | stats sparkline values(server_name) AS Domains, values(src_ip) AS Clients, values(dest_ip) AS Server count  BY ja3, ja3s
  | sort count desc

Search explanation

The table provides an explanation of what each part of this search achieves. You can adjust this query based on the specifics of your environment.

Splunk Search Explanation
sourcetype="bro:ssl:json" ja3="*" ja3s="*" src_ip IN (192.168.70.0/24)

Search Zeek data for JA3 and JA3s hashes within the critical server defined.

This part of the search uses critical server netblock, 192.168.70.0/24. It's important that you adjust this part of the search to include your own critical servers.

| stats sparkline values(server_name) AS Domains, values(src_ip) AS Clients, values(dest_ip) AS Server count BY ja3, ja3s Return the results in a table with a sparkline, with columns for Domains, Clients and Servers, grouped by JA3 and JA3s.
| sort earliest desc Sort the results in descending order.

Next steps

This search returns all JA3 and JA3s hashes. In the example below, you can see multiple domains and multiple IP addresses within one JA3s hash. This is useful as it allows you to minimize the amount of data that you have to analyze and maximize its value.

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Finally, you might be interested in other processes associated with the Detecting software supply chain attacks use case.